STUDY OF SELF COMPACTING CONCRETE MADE WITH BINARY AND TERNARY CEMENTIOUS BLENDS OF GROUND GRANULATED BLAST-FURNACE SLAG AND RICE HUSK ASH by Brahamjot S. Chaswall
Sustainable development in construction industry is aimed at improving the quality of life for everyone now and for the next generations. It encompasses environmental, economic and social dimensions, as well as the concept of stewardship, the proper management of resources used in construction and particularly concrete production in India being the second largest producer of cement in the world. The future challenge for the construction industry in India is clearly to meet the growing demand for infrastructure development and housing while at the same time limiting the impact of its burdens in CO2 emissions due to construction by use of alternative materials in construction and supplementary cementing materials as partial replacements to Ordinary Portland Cement.As we know concrete occupies unique position among the modern construction materials. Concrete is a material used in building construction, consisting of a hard, chemically inert particulate substance, known as aggregate (usually made for different types of sand and gravel), that is bond by cement and water. Concrete is normally used in the frame structure. But there is some limitation like compaction, surface finishes, maintaining strength at congested area. Due to these limitations we are trying to make self- compacting concrete with the use of mineral admixture. Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is an innovative concrete that does not require vibration for placing and compaction. It is able to flow under its own weight, completely filling formwork and achieving full compaction, even in the presence of congested reinforcement. Self-Compacting Concrete has properties that differ considerably from conventional concrete. This study investigates the workability and Compressive Strength properties of Self-Compacting Concrete containing Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag and Rice Husk Ash with super plasticizer and viscosity modifying agent. EUCOPLACANT 721 was used as super plasticizer and STRUCTRO 100 was used as Viscosity modifying agent. In this experimental program, trials were made at varying replacement levels (10%, 20%, 30% and 40%) of Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag and (5%, 10%, 15% and 20%) of Rice Husk Ash. The workability properties of SCC such as filling ability, passing ability and segregation resistance are evaluated using workability tests such as slump flow, V-funnel and L-Box tests. The compressive strength of the cubes at 7 days and 28 days are also obtained. The result obtained from the study proves that use of GGBS increases the Compressive strength of SCC by replacing cement to a percentage of 30% ,if the percentage is taken more than 30% the Compressive strength of SCC decreases. In case of GGBS and RHA combination the strength is highest by replacing cement with 5% of RHA and 30% of GGBS.